Lewis Hamilton, who also won last week in Brazil, has trimmed 17 points from Max Verstappen's lead in the F1 title race in a week.
Max Verstappen holds a 14-point lead over Lewis Hamilton in the standings and was scheduled to start second alongside the seven-time champion on the front row at Losail International Circuit.
It was Lewis Hamilton's102nd pole of his career, fourth of the season and first since the Hungarian Grand Prix in August.
The FIA said that Mercedes won the right to review the incident in which Max Verstappen appeared to force Lewis Hamilton off track at the Brazilian Grand Prix.
Brazil was cut from the 2020 calendar because of restrictions in place for the COVID-19. The Sao Paulo Grand Prix, renamed for this year, was allowed to open for full capacity only weeks ago when the state government eased restrictions for November.
Max Verstappen was fined 50,000 euros ($57,200) by stewards after he was seen touching the rear wing of the Mercedes car which is against the FIA sporting code.
Lewis Hamilton beat Max Verstappen in qualifying to take pole position for Saturday's sprint race in Sao Paulo, pending the decision on a potential penalty.
Mercedes' Lewis Hamilton was handed a five-place grid penalty after Mercedes decided to change the engine during Friday's qualifying in Interlagos.
Mercedes driver and the seven-time champion, Lewis Hamilton trails his Red Bull rival Max Verstappen by 19 points heading into the race, the fourth-to-last event of the 2021 F1 season.
Max Verstappen now leads Lewis Hamilton in the 2021 FIA Formula One World Championship by 19 points with four races left, starting next week in Sao Paolo, Brazil.
Valtteri Bottas starts from pole position and, most critically, Lewis Hamilton gets an early race advantage over Max Verstappen in their fight for the season championship.
Max Verstappen leads Lewis Hamilton by 12 points as F1 heads into this weekend's Mexican Grand Prix. The Dutchman is chasing his first F1 title with five races remaining this season.
Formula One returns to North America with its next two rounds for the first time since the start of the pandemic. Races in Austin and Mexico City were canceled last year.
Defending champion Lewis Hamilton lost valuable points by finishing fifth after coming in for a late tire change, despite telling his team he wanted to stay on track when still in third.
Hamilton's record-extending 102nd pole saw him finish .13 seconds ahead of Bottas and .33 clear of Max Verstappen's Red Bull.
This season's narrow championship leader led the first session ahead of title rival Max Verstappen and the second from Ferrari's Charles Leclerc, who drove impressively in both.
Although Hamilton won in Sochi to clinch a record-extending 100th F1 win, Verstappen limited the damage by finishing a surprise second as the rain came thundering down.
Lewis Hamilton became the first Formula One driver to win 100 races with victory in the Russian Grand Prix on Sunday to retake the championship lead from Max Verstappen.
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Prime Minister Narendra Modi with Uttarakhand CM Pushkar Singh Dhami and others during BJP election campaign rally, ahead of state Assembly polls in 2022, in Dehradun.PTI Photo
Prime Minister Narendra Modi addresses during a BJP election campaign rally, ahead of state Assembly polls in 2022, in Dehradun.PTI Photo
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